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Gating

Gating

The following types of gate are commonly used for Desmopan® and Texin™:

  • Edge Gate
  • Film gate
  • Diaphragm gate
  • Pinpoint gate
  • Ring gate
  • Sprue gate
  • Tunnel gate
  • Hot runner gate

The gates, runners and sprues should be 25 - 50 % larger than for hard thermoplastics (Fig. 1).

Significant pressure drops in the gating system should be avoided.

Design of spruce bushing

Fig. 1: Design of a sprue bushing 

As far as the runners are concerned, the flow channel must be designed in such a way that the full diameter of the runner is used and that it is positioned in one or both halves of the mold (Fig. 2).

Runner cross-sections

Fig. 2 Runner cross-sections 

In multi-cavity molds, e.g. two-plate or three-plate types, the runners should be arranged in such a way that the flow paths are all roughly the same length (Fig. 3). 

Verteilerwege bei Mehrfachform

Fig. 3 : Runners for multi-cavity molds

Pin-point gates must have a weakened point on the gate cross section to ensure a clean tear-off. Large pin-point gates must not involve any jetting, otherwise squeeze marks can occur on the component. With axially symmetric parts, it may be useful to work with ring-type or diaphragm gates to prevent the formation of flow lines. Mold filling and venting must be kept under tight control (Fig. 4).

Gate forms

Fig. 4: Gate forms 

A film gate is an advantage with large fl at, long parts, as the mold is optimally filled (Fig. 5).

Coathanger

Fig. 5: "Coathanger" type film gate 

A tunnel gate is the best solution if the gating point is not visible (Fig.6).

Anspritztechnik

Fig. 6 : Tunnel gate with lenticular feed

 

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